Airborne diseases are diseases spread by microscopic microorganisms in the air. They could be bacteria, fungus, or viruses, but they are all spread by aerosol contact. Airborne diseases affect people across the globe. In confined areas, such as schools and care homes, they can quickly spread. Large epidemics are more likely to occur in populated areas with poor hygiene.
Inhaling contaminated air is the most common way to contract airborne diseases. A person can also spread the disease through their breath, particularly through sneezing and coughing, as well as through phlegm, making it harder to control airborne diseases.
Some common airborne diseases include Coronavirus (COVID 19), the common cold, chickenpox, influenza, measles, mumps, tuberculosis (TB), Diphtheria, and whopping cough.
In many cases, the symptoms of airborne diseases are similar. Sore throat, weariness, muscle aches, minor headache, sneezing, running nose, cough, chill, and congestion are some of the symptoms.
While airborne diseases can spread quickly, several things can be done on an individual or community level to reduce the risk of infection and prevent the disease from spreading to others.
COVID 19 preventative strategies include maintaining a six-feet social distance from the other person, regularly washing thoroughly with soap and water or using hand sanitizer, and urging people to stay at home.
Although it is impossible to completely avoid being exposed to airborne infections, a few precautions can be taken to lessen the chances of falling ill. To begin, disinfect often touched surfaces like keyboards, phones, doorknobs, and tables. Second, regularly wash your hands with water and soap for at least 20 seconds especially before eating, going out in public, or touching your face. Finally, if a person is sick, it is best to stay at home and avoid contact with vulnerable people. Additionally, always cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue or the inside of your elbow. Finally, if you must be around others, it is recommended that you always wear a face mask.