FRENCH COVID HEALTH PASS.

What is a covid health pass

The people in France will need to show a covid health pass to enjoy usually routine activities .It will show that you are vaccinated or have tested negative for Covid-19 for access to public venues for more than 50 people. On August 9 the health pass requirement will be extended to a range of new settings, including long-distance transport, restaurants and cafés.
The border health pass will be useful when boarding a flight to France, of a health proof (complete vaccination scheme, or PCR or antigenic test performed less than 72 hours before boarding) in electronic version (via the TousAntiCovid application or other foreign electronic proof) or in paper version https://www.sante.fr/how-to-obtain-a-french-health-pass.

How useful will the covid health pass be

The Covid tests can be undertaken in anyway including using modern testing devises like those offered by research institutions like Docsun. But usage of these devises depends on policies of different organizationshttps://www.thelocal.fr/20211125/explained-the-new-rules-for-the-french-health-pass/
The activity health pass consists of the digital (via the TousAntiCovid application) or paper presentation of one of the following three health proofs to participate in certain activities in France:
Completion of a full vaccination schedule according to French rules (2 weeks after the 2nd injection of Pfizer, Moderna or Astra Zeneca, 4 weeks after the injection of Johnson and Johnson, 2 weeks after an injection in people who previously contracted Covid).
A PCR or antigenic test less than 48 hours prior to the event
A positive RT-PCR or antigenic test result demonstrating recovery from Covid-19, at least 11 days old and less than 6 months old.

Any of the following documents can be used as a covid health pass in France:
• Proof of having completed a vaccination program  (two doses of an EU-approved vaccine: Pfizer, Moderna, AstraZeneca or Johnson & Johnson)
• A negative PCR or antigen test taken within the last 48 hours
• A Covid-19 recovery certificate that is less than six months old
Anyone who enters an establishment without showing a valid pass can be fined €135 for a first offence.

Where a covid health pass is required

• Cinemas
• Libraries
• Nightclubs,
• Gaming rooms, casinos
• Museums
• Zoos, amusement parks, circuses
• Swimming pools and sports centres
• Theatres
• Concerts and festivals
• Indoor sports facilities
• Cruise ships, ferries
• Hotels, holiday resorts
• Cafés and restaurants
• Fairs and conferences
• Care homes
• Long-distance transport
• Medical establishments
• Hotels, holiday resorts and full-service camp sites
• Access to shopping centers

Who will the covid health pass apply to?

The health pass rules will apply to minors age 12 and over. The French citizens are also encouraged to undertake covid testing as a way to safeguard against further spread of the virus. It is argued that if one knows of their covid status then they will not knowingly infect the others. They are encouraged to use innovative devises like mobile apps. An example is the Docsun mobile app which uses OCT technology to scan and give a health report in less than ten minutes. The results are emailed to you to guarantee privacy https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZC8ppSTQgyE.
These devises have come up as part of the mobile health initiative that seeks to make healthcare affordable to everyone. These includes individuals who are limited geographically from accessing the requisite medical care that they need. The Docsun mobile app only needs to take a scan of the user, read the users vital signs like temperature and feed the data into its data base. The data is then processed to see if it matches any that is in its servers. The servers contain a lot of information from medical experts and certified by leading health organizations .This goes along way in making sure that the diagnosis provided is certifiably up-to-date.

Distinct Look on COVID-19 Variant Strains

blood sample vials of different covid-19 samples

As the pandemic has progressed, new Covid, coronavirus variants have been detected around the world. Scientists have been at the forefront in conducting studies on them so as to gather more knowledge on the Covid -19 virus .Some that have been in the news are:
• B.1.1.7 (the Covid variant first seen in the United Kingdom)
• B.1.351 (the Covid variant first seen in South Africa)
• P.1 (the Covid variant first seen in Brazil)
In addition to these, there are also other Covid  variants that are currently circulating. Since they’ve emerged so recently, there’s a lot of scientists still don’t know about  the covid-19 coronavirus variants. This means there is a deficit of available published and verified information on emerging variants of the covid-19 virus.

B.1.17The United Kingdom Covid variant

B.1.1.7 was first identified in the United Kingdom in the fall of 2020. It then proceeded to be transmitted very rapidly, becoming the dominant strain in the U.K .The B.1.1.7 variant has several mutations that affect the spike protein. This protein is found on the surface of the virus. It’s what the virus uses to bind to and enter a host cell in your body. This variant transfer more quickly between individuals.https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/article/an-offshoot-of-the-delta-variant-is-rising-in-the-uk

B.1.351The South African Covid variant

B.1.351 was initially identified in South Africa in early October 2020.B.1.351 contains some of the spike protein mutations present in B.1.1.7, the Covid variant first seen in the U.K. However, it also contains some others. There’s currently no evidence that B.1.351 causes more severe illness than earlier versions of the coronavirus. One of the main concerns about this variant is the effect that its mutations appear to have on immunity. There’s some evidence suggesting that the mutations in B.1.351 affect antibodies. Because B.1.351 may evade antibodies, people who contracted the new coronavirus earlier could contract this new variant, despite their existing immunity. It’s also possible that current vaccines may be less effective for this variant.B.1.351 may also be transmitted faster.https://www.cfr.org/blog/new-covid-19-variant-detected-south-africa

P.1 The Brazilian Covid variant

P.1 was first detected in early January 2021 in travelers from Brazil who were tested upon entering Japan. It was first found in the United States in late January 2021P.1 contains 17 unique mutations Trusted Source. These include some of the key spike protein mutations present in both the variants first identified in the U.K. and South Africa, as well as several other mutations. As with the other two variants, P.1 may be more transmissible.P.1 was highly prevalent Trusted Source in samples that were collected during a January 2021 surge of confirmed COVID-19 cases in Manaus, Brazil.https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/01/health/covid-19-coronavirus-brazil-variant.html

The variant had been absent in previous samples. Because P.1 shares some mutations with B.1.351(the south Africa Covid variant), it’s possible that this variant may have effects on immunity and vaccine effectiveness. There’s already some evidence for this. Let’s go back to the COVID-19 surge of confirmed cases in Manaus. A survey of blood donors in the city found that about 76 percent Trusted Source of people had contracted the new coronavirus by October 2020. This implies that some individuals in the January surge could have had a repeat infection with P.1.

What’s the way forward on the Covid-19 variants

There has been tremendous progress in the medical field in the fight against the spread of covid-19. Some companies have developed apps that can easily conduct the covid-19 screening. They take the persons vitals in terms of temperature, oxygen levels and others. This will make it easier and convenient for people to take the tests and know ones Covid status at their own convenient time. Vaccination is also lauded as a milestone in reducing further spread of the virus. The vaccinations available are said to be over ninety percent effective in the fight against further infection against covid-19.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZC8ppSTQgyE

COLDER WEATHER AND INCREASING COVID-19 SPREAD

In recent months, the COVID-19 pandemic has surged in Europe, the United States, and some other areas. In many regions, this surge began coincident with a transition towards colder weather.
The transition to colder weather has corresponded with an increase in the spread of COVID-19. This is consistent with an epidemic that moved, on average, from an approximately stable rate of spread to a rate of spread that doubled every 20 days. It is plausible that weather changes, such as decreasing temperature or sunlight, and the associated human responses to these changes have directly and/or indirectly contributed to the recent resurgence of COVID-19.

How does the covid virus spread faster because of the cold temperatures?

With a return of colder weather, environmental conditions and associated human behaviors may have allowed COVID-19 to spread more easily. This could occur either because the virus itself is sensitive to environmental conditions (e.g. if temperature and/or humidity affect the virus’s longevity in the environment), or because humans behave differently in cold weather (e.g. spending more time clustered together indoors), or both. For convenience, environmental effects on the transmissibility of the virus itself can be termed “direct effects”, and effects on human behavior that impact the disease’s spreads can be termed “indirect effects”.
Initially, COVID-19 surged worldwide in March and April, corresponding to spring in the Northern Hemisphere. During the warm months that followed, many nations and regions managed to greatly reduce their local COVID-19 epidemic when compared to the spring, but most have subsequently seen a resurgence in late fall https://theconversation.com/does-coronavirus-spread-more-easily-in-cold-temperatures-heres-what-we-know-148465.

Where does most-19 covid infection take place due to the cold temperatures?

If the weather is affecting COVID-19 transmission, it is presumed that indirect effects are likely to be a major factor. While temperature might directly affect the longevity or transmissibility of the virus, it is well established that most infections occur in indoor spaces where outdoor temperatures would have no direct impact. However, if cooling weather drives individuals to spend more time indoors, then that may increase the number of opportunities for virus transmission. Similarly, populations that rely on open windows for cooling during summer may have less indoor ventilation during cool weather. We consider it likely that a majority of any weather effect on COVID transmission is primarily the result of indirect effects on human behavior. However, we will note that laboratory studies have indicated that the coronavirus remains viable on surfaces longer at lower temperatures. Many experts predict higher rates of transmission and mortality in colder seasons. This is likely due to the impact cold weather has on human behavior, such as forcing people inside where higher temperatures are preferred and ventilation is not sufficient to combat the spread of the virus. With groups of people congregating in confined spaces with limited airflow, the virus is able to circulate more easily https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/how-does-weather-affect-covid-19.

how do we mitigate further spread of the covid-19 virus

To mitigate the spread of the virus especially in cold regions healthcare professionals are urging people to get tested and vaccinated. Testing has now become digitized as one can do so using an app,an example being the Docsun mobile app which one can do at the comfort of their home.  This app does not require one to give their genetic matter. They only allow the app to scan their vital organs like the eyes.This goes along way  in making people aware on measures they can take depending on their Covid-19 status. The ones who are infected with the Covid-19 virus can seek medical attention on how reduce  further infection and those who are not infected can take up further measures to make sure they don’t get infected with the Covid-19 virus especially during the cold season https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W15uASLerho